Impact, risks and opportunities of populism in Europe and Latin America


Dra. Paulina Astroza Suárez (Chile)

Lawyer (Universidad de Concepción, Chile). Ph.D. (2016), Master and Diploma degree in Political and Social Sciences (Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium). Currently Jean Monnet Chair with the project "Knowing Europe from the end of the world" (2017-2020), one of the few chairs granted to Latin American academics. She won a JM Project called “EU-LA Relations: in a world was awarded exchange" (2018-2020).

One of the most recognized specialists in Chile in European studies. Former manager of the Jean Monnet module (2010-2013). She is the Vice-president of ECSA-Chile. She was the co-coordinator and academic chair of several Alpha Dikia projects. Part of various EU multilateral projects (Bologna, Oradea, Siegen). Dictated conferences on European subjects in Latin America and Europe. She has taught classes in several universities in Chile, Bolivia, Ecuador, Puerto Rico, Germany and Spain. She has published articles in Chile, Argentine, Italy, Belgium and Romania on relations European issues. Invited by AECEA to participate as an exhibitor at EU-Latin America Seminar (Peru, 2016), at the Jean Monnet Cluster Meeting "Trends and Developments in European Studies" (Belgium, 2013) and invited for the JM conference to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome (Italy, 2017). She has run the PEE from 2002 and made this program the only permanent, interdisciplinary program on European Studies in Chile.

Project Responsibilities: She will be responsible for leading this project, coordinating the international work team to form this research network, organizing the committed activities and rendering an account to the AECEA. Also, she will contribute to a study of observable elements in the speech of Chilean political actors and European populism.

Dra. Beatriz Larraín (Chile)

Lawyer (Universidad de Concepción, Chile). Ph.D. in Law Policy and Society, Northeastern University, Professor at the Law School of the Universidad de Concepcion, where she also holds the post of Academic Secretary of the School. Part of staff of JM Chair (2017-2020) and JM project (2018-2020).

As the coordinator and academic chair of several Alpha Dikia projects involving European universities and the University of Concepción, she has experience in the area of European and Latin American academic relations, both at the theoretical and practical level. This has given her knowledge and expertise in the implementation of international conferences, seminars, courses, etc. As a lawyer and professor, she has carried out research in the areas of legal sociology, specifically on the topic of judging and the way in which the judicialization of politics has occurred around the globe. She has published two articles on the subject of European courts and the power they have to create law. She has extensively studied domestic and supranational European court decisions. Further, she has lectured on these topics to European and Chilean students. She was acting chair of the European Studies program of the University of Concepción from mid- 2011 until mid-2015. Collaborated in the Integra Project financed by the EU, “Modernization as a Way to Integration”, and organized by the University of Bologna, Buenos Aires. She is part of the teaching staff of the PEE.

Project Responsibilities: She will participate in the preparation and organization of the activities to be developed in Concepción and will participate in the e-book with a topic “Judges and populism in Europe”.

Dr. Alejandro Bancalari (Chile)

Specialist in Ancient History with doctoral degree obtained in Italy. Currently Dean of the Faculty Humanidades y Arte of the University of Concepción, and Chair of the Department of History of the University. Part of staff of JM Chair (2017-2020)

His academic achievements have been recognized in our University with diverse awards such as the Academic Award destined for professors who are outstanding in their field of expertise. He has been a guest lecturer in different countries of Latin America and Europe He is the author of numerous articles on European topics. He is part of the teaching staff of the PEE since its beginnings. He has been researcher in many projects, especially in FONDECYT (of the Ministry of Education of Chile).

Project responsibilities: He will participate in the preparation and organization of the activities to be developed in Concepción, in eventes in Chile and Spain and will participate in the e-book with a topic The notion of populism in the classical European world: central characteristics and projections to the current world.

Dr. Jaime Baeza (Chile)

PhD in Political Science, University of Essex-United Kingdom. MA in Latin American Studies, Georgetown University-USA. Assistant Professor, Institute for Public Affairs at the University of Chile.

Former Deputy Director at the National Academy for Political and Strategic Studies of Chile (ANEPE)-Ministry of Defense, Chile. Visiting Scholarship positions held at the University of Bath, United Kingdom (2016), Georgetown University (2005) and the Centennial Center at the American Political Science Association (2005). Graduated in 2018 from the National Defense University of the United States, William J. Perry Center in Complex Threats and Defense course.

At the University of Chile, he has coordinated the MA Program in Political Science, and the Diploma in Security and Defense. Also has taught at the Diplomatic Academy of Chile, Military Academy of Chile. Institute for International Studies at the University of Chile, and former Head of Department, School of Political Science and Sociology at the Catholic University of Temuco. He is also Member at the Board of Directors, Universidad SEK-Chile.

Project responsibilities: Coordinates the event in Santiago, Chile. It will also provide analysis about the impact of Populism in the decision making process in foreign and defense policies in Latin America. With the data and results obtained, the main goal is to draw parallelisms from the Latin American cases in Europe, and the United States. The comparison would lead to several Most Similar System Design cases of comparative analysis, looking for the main explanatory factor that makes populism the factor why authorities modified or look into foreign and defense policies that differs from previous points in history.

Dr. Luis Huacuja (México)

Lawyer (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México). PhD in Law and European Integration (project approval and title pendant). Thesis: “The Public Procurement Chapter in the Mexico-European Union Agreement. The applicable legal regime” (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona). Advanced course for Mexican experts in EU affairs: “Last events within the EU and key subjects of the bilateral relationship EU-Mex”, College of Europe/ITAM, México. Master in Law (with merit) Thesis: “The principle of transparency as the basis of public procurement in the European Union” (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona). Intensive Seminar on the European Union, for academics and public servants (Diploma), College of Europe (Bruges).

He's chair professor of European Union Studies Program (PESUE), European Union Information Centre (EUi registration number: 0/09773665), at Postgraduate Program of the Superior Studies Faculty of Acatlán, of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). He has published several articles about current topics related to the European Union and its relationship with Mexico. He’s speaker and analyst in European themes for national and international media.

In 2013, by invitation of the European Parliament, he gave the presentation “Implications of the review and modernization of the Mexico-European Union Global Agreement”, in the frame of the XVI EU-Mexico Parliamentary Meeting.

Has been a consultant, responsible for Mexico of the project Analysis of the Perception of the EU and EU's Policies abroad, PPMI (PUBLIC POLICY AND MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE), General Direction of Communication, European Commission (2014-2015).

Project responsabilities: He will take part in the different events organized and in the e-book. In the context of the project, he wil make a study of alternative movements in Mexico and Europe: affinities, dimensions and scope (the cases of Podemos in Spain, 5 Stelle in Italy, En Marche in France and Morena in Mexico).

Dr. Paula Almeida (Brasil)

Professor of International Law and EU Law, Getulio Vargas Foundation Law School in Rio de Janeiro (since 2008). Jean Monnet Chair, sponsored by the European Commission at the Getulio Vargas Foundation Law School. Associate Researcher at the Institute of International and European Law at the Sorbonne (IREDIES). Professor of International Law of the Master’s in International Relations of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Getulio Vargas Foundation in Rio de Janeiro. Qualified as ‘maître des conferences’ in Public Law (France, CNU). Elected Brazilian Member of the International Law Association Committee on the Procedure of International Courts and Tribunals. Chair of the Interest Group on ‘International Courts and Tribunals’ of the Latin American Society of International Law (LASIL). Doctorate with honors summa cum laude in International and European Law at the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (mention très honorable avec les félicitations du jury à l’unanimité, recommandé à des prix de thèse et à des subventions à la publication). Masters of Law (Master II Recherche – former DEA) in Public International and European Law – Université Paris XI, Faculté Jean Monnet. Post-doctoral visiting scholar at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (2014). Visiting professor at the École de droit de la Sorbonne, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (2019).

Project responsibilities: She will contribute with her expertise on all events to be held in Chile and Spain and contribute in the e-book with an analysis of populism in the foreign policy of Brasil.

Dr. Susana Sanz  (España)

Professor of Public International Law University CEUUCH. Ad hoc judge of the European Court of Human Rights. Twice selected as Jean Monnet Chair (2004 and 2017), Jean Monnet Module leader in 1998 and 1999. Vice-president of Association of International Institute of Human Rights. International and European coordinator of the Faculty of Law and Business since 2015. Master on Social Sciences Juan March Foundation (1993); diploma from International Institute of Human Rights (1994).

Visiting professor Catholic Univ Lyon, Univ Perugia, Univ San Pablo CEU, Univ Marrakech. Taught at Univs of Catania, Palermo, Institut Internat Droits des Enfants (Switzerland). Research stays at NY Univ with J.H.H Weiler, Trinity College Dublin, Humboldt University, Univ Sorbonne, European University Institute, Université Génève, Strathclyde University, Lisbon University, Universitá di Perugia.

Worked for European Parliament as Robert Schuman grant recipient and at Registrar of Eur. Court of Human Rights. In 2005 she won a permanent position as legal administrator at ECtHR but withdrew. Expert in EU agencies (EACEA & REA). Selected EU senior expert in the Sector Dialogues EU-Brazil in human rights (2015 and 2016). Several research awards (2012 Angel Herrera; 2013 Accesit American Univ Academy of Human Rights).

Author and coordinator of 6 books on European protection of family, vulnerable groups, UN, international jurisdiction. Published in EJIL, RDCE, RGDE, REDI, REMALD, PYIL, BEUR, SYIL, AUILR, etc. 110 publications in English, French, Spanish. Led several competitive research projects and participated in others (both at European -H2020 and FP7- and national level) about human rights in Europe, European jurisprudence, European crisis management missions and protection of best interests of child.

Project responsibilities: She will take part in the different events organized and in the e-book and she will publish in specialized journals. In the context of the project, she wil make a comparative study of Eastern Europe populism with that of South Europe.

Dr. Sussane Gratius (España)

Full-time Professor (Lecturer) at the Political Science and IR Department of the Universidad Autónoma in Madrid (UAM); associated senior researcher at CIDOB, Barcelona.

Nearly thirty years of professional experience on EU-LAC relations and Latin American (particularly Brazil, Cuban and Venezuelan) studies; regionalism, political regimes (democracy, authoritarianism, populism). In the 1990s researcher in different German (SWP, Berlin and ILAS-GIGA, Hamburg) and Spanish think-tanks (IRELA, FRIDE, CIDOB) and since 2011 University Professor (UCM and UAM in Madrid). Nine years of regular teaching experience on International Relations and Latin American studies at Spanish public (UCM and UAM) and private (Instituto de Empresa IE, San Pablo CEU) universities. Long research record on EU-LAC relations, regionalism, inter-regionalism, political regimes; foreign Policy. More than thirty publications (books, articles, working papers, book chapters). Since 2018 (-2021) member of the Europe-Cuba Forum JM Network under the leadership of CIDOB. 2012-2015 member (on behalf of FRIDE) of the EC financed FP 7 project “Atlantic Future”. Organization of two panels (in 2020 at the IPSA Congress in Lisbon, and in 2012 at LASA) on “comparing Populism in Latin America and Europe”. Participation in a large number of international and national seminars and Congresses on Latin American, European Studies and International Relations in Europe, Latin America and the United States. Since 2019 (-2020) Head of the EU-LAC section of the Latin American Studies Association of LASA (presentation of a paper on Venezuela at the 2020 Congress in Guadalajara, Mexico). Coordination of a special number of the peer-reviewed journal “América Latina Hoy” on the crisis in Venezuela (August 2020).

Project responsibilities: She will participate in all project activities and will be responsible for the international conference to be held at CIDOB, Barcelona. It will also contribute to the study of “Between rhetoric and practice: populism and foreign policy in Latin America ».

Dr. Ignacio Molina (España)

Professor for the Department of Political Science and International Relations of the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid since the year 2000. (six trienniums). Also he is a main researcher for the Instituto Real Elcano and Director of the Programs “Europe’s Future” and “Spain’s Foreign Policy” of the same institute since 2009.

He has been professor in several different postgraduate programs, specifically in the Instituto de Empresa, Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales, Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo, Universidad Internacional de Andalucía, Universidad de La Paz and the Instituto Nacional de Administración Pública. Finally, Dr. Ignacio Molina has been a visiting researcher at several universities: Trinity College Dublin, Harvard (as Fulbright Scholar), Oxford and Santiago de Chile. He has carried out consulting projects for, among others, the European Union, the Spanish Council of State, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Spain), the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation to Development (AECID) the National Institute of Public Administration (INAP), the College of Europe and the Alternatives Foundation.

Phd in Political Science (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Outstanding Cum Laude; 2004); Bachelor Degree in Law (Universidad de Granada; 2005); Master in Social Studies (Instituto Juan March, Madrid; 1996); Master in European Union Law (Universidad de Granada); Bachelor Degree in Political Science and Sociology (Universidad de Granada, 1993)

Project responsibilities: He will participate in all project activities, in the preparation and organization of the activities to be held in Madrid (Spain) and will participate in the e-book with a study on difference between left and right populisms.

Dr. Raphaela Averkorn (Alemania)

State Examination U of Münster, MA U of Bordeaux, PhD U of Münster, Habilitation U of Hannover is Chair of Medieval and Modern History at the University of Siegen, Germany, and Jean Monnet Chair “ad personam” in European Integration History.

She is Head of the Department of History, Director of two international, interdisciplinary Master Programmes „Roads to Democracies“ (History, Political Science, Sociology) and “International Cultural Historical Studies” (History, Theology, Philosophy, Philology (German, English, French, Spanish, Italian), Music History, Art History) and the Head of three Examination Boards. She is the Erasmus Coordinator of the History Department (36 partners) and Co-Director of the Research Center “Transnational Cultural History” (U of Siegen). She is former Vice Dean for Study Affairs, Finances and International Relations. She was a long-time member of the Academic Senate and of the standing Committee for Teaching and Study and the standing Committee for Internationalisation. She is now Chairwoman of the standing Committee of Internationalisation and Partnership of the University of Siegen. She has received various awards for outstanding achievements in the field of internationalisation. She is Permanent Honorary Visiting Professor at Zhejiang University (Hangzhou, China). Previously she worked during 14 years as Assistant Professor and as Associate Professor at the Leibniz University of Hannover. She was a member of the ECTS pilot group (since 1991), Bologna Expert and Counsellor (EU Commission), worked as external evaluator and expert (EU projects). She has been and is the academic coordinator of various third-party funded research projects (EU projects (e.g. Jean Monnet, Tempus, Twinning, Eastern Partnership, Erasmus), various other international and national funded projects) with university and non-university partners in Europe, the Americas and Asia. She is a member of various international Boards (reviews, laboratories, research centers) in several countries in Europe and Asia. She has been a visiting professor in various prestigious universities in Europe, the Americas and Asia. She has received various international research grants and has gained international research and teaching experiences abroad since more than 30 years. Her research interests include European integration history, nation building processes, collective identities, populism, national and supra-national myths in history and politics, international relations, economic, social, cultural and political history, historiography, transnational history, Gender history. She publishes in German, English, Spanish and French.

Project responsabilities: Se will participate in the conferences and seminars of the project and contribute to the e-book with a study on “The construction of national and transnational myths in history since the Middle Ages and its use in the actual populist political discourse in Europe and Latin America”.

Dr. Ferdinando Treggiari (Italia)

Full Professor of Legal History (University of Perugia and Rome LUISS, Italy). Formerly Professor at LUM University “Jean Monnet” (Bari, Italy). Ph.D. in Legal History (University of Florence, Italy). Appeal Judge of the Republic of S. Marino. Advisor of the Court for Trusts and Fiduciary Relations, Republic of S. Marino. Member and Teacher of JM Center of Excellence at the University of Perugia.

Visiting professor, research stays and courses taught at Universidad de la Frontera (Temuco, Chile), Universidad Autónoma de Chile (Santiago, Chile); Universidade do Vale do Itajaí (Brazil); Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (Mexicali, Mexico); Universitat de Barcelona (Spain); Universidad Carlos III (Madrid, Spain), Instituto Tecnologico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Mexico City (Mexico); International Institute for Sociology of Law (Oñati, Spain); University of Heidelberg (Germany); University of Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany). He is a specialist in european legal tradition with more than 150 scientific publications and participation in a large number of seminars and congresses both in Europe and Latin America.

Project Responsibilities: He will participate in the conferences and seminars of the Project and contribute to the e-book with a study on populism as a historiographical category.

Dr. Javier Sajuria (Reino Unido)

Senior Lecturer in Politics at Queen Mary University of London. PhD in Politics from University College London.

His main research area comparative political behavior, particularly between Western countries and Latin America. His focus is on elite behavior, voters, public opinion, and quantitative methods. Javier has been the Principal Investigator of the Chilean chapter of the Comparative Candidate Survey in 2017, and a co-Investigator of the British chapter in 2015, 2017 and 2019. He is also the co-Editor in Chief of the academic journal Politics, and is part of the Advisory Board of Cadem, the largest polling company in Chile.

His research has covered the role of misinformation on populist attitudes, internal party politics, and the use of technology for political action amongst others

Project responsibilities: Dr Sajuria will contribute to the workshops and the book, along with leading the research on the relationship between populist attitudes and the consequences of Brexit

Dr. José Antonio Sanahuja (España)

Doctor en Ciencias Políticas y Sociología (Relaciones Internacionales) por la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, y M.A. en Relaciones Internacionales por la Universidad para la Paz de Naciones Unidas en Costa Rica. Catedrático de Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y profesor de la Escuela Diplomática de España.
En la actualidad se encuentra en situación de excedencia como director de la Fundación Carolina y asesor especial para América Latina y el Caribe del alto representante para Asuntos Exteriores y Política de Seguridad de la Unión Europea y vicepresidente de la Comisión Europea,
Josep Borrell (_ad honorem_) para el periodo 2020-2024. Ha sido investigador del Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales (ICEI) y Robert Schuman Fellow del Instituto Universitario Europeo de Florencia. Investigador y consultor de la Comisión y el Parlamento Europeo, el PNUD, SEGIB, la Fundación EU-LAC, y distintas ONG. En dos diferentes mandatos ha sido también Vocal Experto del Consejo de Cooperación al Desarrollo (Órgano consultivo del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y Cooperación de España), y miembro del Patronato de Oxfam Intermón. Cuenta con la evaluación positiva de tres sexenios de investigación y un sexenio de transferencia e innovación por parte de la Agencia Nacional de Evaluación, Calidad y Acreditación (ANECA) del gobierno de España. Tiene un amplio historial de publicaciones, accesibles en

Responsabilidades en el proyecto: El Dr. Sanahuja contribuirá a los talleres, conferencias y el libro electrónico y coordinará una de las conferencias internacionales en Madrid en la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y la Fundación Carolina. Analizará, junto con el dr. Camilo López Burián, de la Universidad de la República (Uruguay) las causas del auge de la extrema derecha en América Latina, en términos de estructura (crisis de la globalización y «malestar de la democracia») y de agencia (emprendedores políticos, ideología y discursos), sus conexiones con la extrema derecha de la Unión Europea , y cómo influyen estos actores en la política exterior y las relaciones interregionales entre la UE y América Latina.

Dr. Sergio Toro (Chile)

Doctor en Ciencia Política. Profesor Titular Escuela de Gobierno, Universidad Mayor. Investigador Asociado del Instituto Milenio de Fundamento de los Datos. 

Su especialidad es política comparada, proceso legislativo y ciencia de datos para las políticas públicas, temas en los que ha sido investigador responsable de proyectos FONDECYT y FONDEF. Sus publicaciones se encuentran en revistas tales como Journal of Information Technology & Politics, Sustainability, Journal of Legislative Studies, Electoral Studies, entre otras. 

Recientemente publicó dos libros. Uno sobre innovación social en ciudades portuarias (2020) y otros sobre las condiciones sociohistóricas de América Latina (2021). 

Es miembro del grupo de estudios de ciencias jurídicas y políticas de FONDECYT-ANID, además integrante del comité de expertos de la encuesta CASEN y del Comité de expertos del Informe de Desarrollo Humano, PNUD. De la misma forma ha sido Visiting Scholar en Universidades de España, Estados Unidos, Uruguay y Ecuador.

Dr. Cristóbal Bellolio (Chile)

PhD in Political Philosophy & MA in Legal and Political Theory, University College London (UK), Abogado y Licenciado en Ciencia Política, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Es Profesor Asociado de la Escuela de Gobierno de la Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez (Chile), donde realiza labores de investigación, docencia y vinculación con el medio. Su área de investigación es la filosofía y teoría política normativa, particularmente en torno a la tradición liberal y su relación con la ciencia, la religión y el populismo. Ha publicado una veintena de artículos en revistas especializadas como Res Publica, Social Epistemology, Religions, Philosophy of Education, Law & Philosophy, Educational Philosophy and Theory, Agenda Política, entre otras. Es autor de los libros El Momento Populista Chileno (Debate, 2022), Liberalismo. Una Cartografía (Taurus, 2020), Pinochet, Lagos & Nosotros: ensayos sobre la cuestión constituyente (Debate, 2015), Ateos fuera del Clóset (Debate, 2014), Renovación & Reemplazo: por qué el recambio político es urgente en Chile (Ariel, 2013).
In undergraduate teaching, he teaches the Contemporary Civilization course (CORE Curriculum). In postgraduate studies, he teaches courses in the Master of Economics and Public Policies, Master of Political Communication and Public Affairs, Master of Political Philosophy and Ethics, and in the Doctorate of Political Processes and Institutions. He is a member of the academic faculty of the Doctorate in Political Processes and Institutions, of the Academic Committee of the Master of Political Communication, and part of the steering committee of the Constituent Reasons project of the Faculty of Law and the UAI School of Government.

Dr. Jeanne Simon (Chile)
She will participate in seminars and other events in Chile and Spain. Her research will look at how populism affects local governance of climate change.
Dr. Franco Delle Donne (Alemania)


Doctor en Comunicación por la Freie Universität Berlin, Master en Democracia y Gobierno por la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid y Licenciado en Comunicación por la Universidad Nacional de La Matanza.

Se dedica a la concepción y producción de contenidos de análisis y educación política. Desde 2015 ha intensificado su trabajo sobre la expansión de la derecha radical, su discurso y las consecuencias de su normalización. Es director del proyecto transmedia Epidemia Ultra, coautor del libro Factor AfD. El retorno de la ultraderecha a Alemania (2017) y coeditor de Epidemia Ultra. La ola reaccionaria que contagia a Europa (2019). 

Además es director de Rombo Podcasts, sello de podcast dedicado a la producción de podcasts políticos, enfocados en la divulgación de estudios, investigaciones y debates políticos para expandir las audiencias y hacer más accesible el conocimiento.

Dr. Thomas Sparrow (Alemania)


Thomas Sparrow es corresponsal en Berlín de la cadena alemana Deutsche Welle en inglés y la cadena francesa France 24 en español. Colabora con medios de comunicación internacionales y participa frecuentemente como panelista en eventos educativos para hablar sobre política europea, periodismo internacional y democracia.

Sparrow es colombiano de nacimiento, de origen británico y con estudios en Alemania y Polonia. Fue corresponsal de la BBC en Washington durante los últimos años de la presidencia de Barack Obama. 

Además es el coautor de tres libros sobre Europa: un libro de viajes sobre Polonia en español, un libro sobre la crisis en Ucrania en inglés y un tercer libro sobre crímenes de guerra y política europea en los Balcanes.