Impact, risks and opportunities of populism in Europe and Latin America


I. Cross-fertilization
  • Consolidate the creation of an inter-regional research team made up of academics from Europe (Germany, Spain, Italy and United Kingdom) and Latin America (Chile, México and Brasil)
  • Boost the existing knowledge and enhance the dynamics between academics in Europe and Latin America, and especially between the Jean Monnet Chair of the Chilean professors Dra. Paulina Astroza (Universidad de Concepción) y Dr. Jaime Baeza (Universidad de Chile) with the work of the European professors Dr. Susanne Gratius (Barcelona), Dr. Ignacio Molina (Madrid) (Madrid) y Dr. José Antonio Sanahuja (Madrid). (Madrid).
  • Deepen comparative research methods in cross-regional studies on populism (by combining quantitative and qualitative analysis, case studies and thematic approaches), particularly on the political and social causes, consequences and outcomes of Populist Governments and oppositional political parties in Latin America and EU member states.
  • Develop an innovative research frame that allows to compare populism not by presenting individual cases (Mudde, Rovira Kaltwasser, 2012; Rivero et al. 2017, etc.), but by a thematical quantitative cross-regional focus that allows to obtain scientific results beyond country studies, in order to advance the broad research agenda on populism.
  • Contrast risks and opportunities of populism from the left and right as a discourse, an ideology, a movement or a regime on liberal democracy and integration at the national and sub-national levels in Latin America and Europe and their inter-regional agenda.
Which brings us to the following questions:

1. Under what conditions, Is it really a corrective as some authors believe (Mudde, Rovira Kaltwasser) or rather the first step towards the end of democracy (Levitsky, Ziblatt, 2018)?

2. How does populism interact with EU and Latin American integration processes: as a threat or corrective of regionalism?

3. Which effects does populism have on the EU-LAC agenda on democracy and integration?

II. Knowledge dissemination with non-academic actors:
  • Compartir y difundir los resultados de investigación de este proyecto (información y conocimiento) a una amplia audiencia académica y no académica, incluidos, entre otros, estudiantes, ex alumnos, profesores, funcionarios públicos, el sector privado y la sociedad civil.
This will be done through:
  • Two workshops (in Chile and in Spain) in which the research team will participate to exchange, discuss and debate their research and delineate the conclusions that will be reflected in the seminars and final publication. 
    These activities will be developed at the Universidad de Concepción (Chile) and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and Real Instituto Elcano de Madrid (Spain) under the responsibility of Dr. Paulina Astroza and Dr. Ignacio Molina.
  • Three international conferences to be held in Chile and in Spain in which the ideas and conclusions of the team's research will be presented to the general public. The seminars will be designed to discuss, and analyse collaboratively with the attendees, the impact, risks and opportunities of populism in Europe and Latin America. The research will incorporate these debates into their final conclusions.  La investigación incorporará estos debates en sus conclusiones finales. 
    These activities will be developed at the Universidad de Concepción (Chile) and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Real Instituto Elcano de Madrid, Fundación Carolina and Universidad Complutense de Madrid, under the responsibility of Dr. Paulina Astroza, Dr. Ignacio Molina and Dr. José Antonio Sanahuja.
  • An international seminar to be held in Santiago (Chile) at the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs in coordination with the Andrés Bello Diplomatic Academy and the Delegation of the European Union in Chile (institutions that could eventually be replaced by other equivalents in case of inconvenience at the time). 
    This activity will allow the project team to present their ideas to a wide audience and share with public officials, diplomats, academics and students of Universities of Santiago, among others. This activity will be under the responsibility of Dr. Jaime Baeza (Universidad de Chile).
  • An international seminar to be held in Barcelona (Spain) at CIDOB under the responsibility of Dr. Susanne Gratius. 
    This activity will allow the project team to share the results of the research carried out on the project with colleagues, authorities and students of these prestigious Spanish institutions. In addition to publicising the project to the Spanish public attending the seminar.

  • Periodic meetings between team members to organize the activities and to refine and coordinate their research projects.

  • Final publication in English / Spanish of the principal results of the research and discussion in the activities developed in the various instances of the execution of the project

  • In the case of the activities to be carried out in Concepción, the research team will participate in diverse local media, all organised by the European Studies Program of the Universidad de Concepción. Specifically, the research team will participate in their area of expertise in:

    • Interviews and articles in Diario de Concepción (Regional Newspaper).
    • Weekly TV program recording on TVU (University Television) of regional mass media. The video will be uploaded to the YouTube network to have greater impact and visibility.
    • Interviews in Radio UdeC program recording (University Radio), regional mass media.